Chiara Giordani, Giulia Matacchione, Angelica Giuliani, Debora Valli, Emanuele Salvatore Scarpa, Antonella Antonelli , Jacopo Sabbatinelli, Gilberta Giacchetti, Sofia Sabatelli, Fabiola Olivieri, Maria Rita Rippo
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(10), 8820; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms24108820
During aging, bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs)—the precursors of osteoblasts—undergo cellular senescence, losing their osteogenic potential and acquiring a pro-inflammatory secretory phenotype. These dysfunctions cause bone loss and lead to osteoporosis. Prevention and intervention at an early stage of bone loss are important, and naturally active compounds could represent a valid help in addition to diet. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the combination of two pro-osteogenic factors, namely orthosilicic acid (OA) and vitamin K2 (VK2), and three other anti-inflammatory compounds, namely curcumin (CUR), polydatin (PD) and quercetin (QCT)—that mirror the nutraceutical BlastiMin Complex® (Mivell, Italy)—would be effective in promoting MSC osteogenesis, even of replicative senescent cells (sMSCs), and inhibiting their pro-inflammatory phenotype in vitro. Results showed that when used at non-cytotoxic doses, (i) the association of OA and VK2 promoted MSC differentiation into osteoblasts, even when cultured without other pro-differentiating factors; and (ii) CUR, PD and QCT exerted an anti-inflammatory effect on sMSCs, and also synergized with OA and VK2 in promoting the expression of the pivotal osteogenic marker ALP in these cells. Overall, these data suggest a potential role of using a combination of all of these natural compounds as a supplement to prevent or control the progression of age-related osteoporosis.